My World Heritage roster

This is my visited UNESCO World Heritage sites roster, with links to my posts that contain relevant pictures. Links to official inscriptions are provided as well, along with the year each site was added (in parenthesis).  Wherever I have extended galleries on Flickr, links are provided as well.

I am using a liberal – and not entirely consistent – definition of “visited” for the purposes of this list. Basically, any site that I made a concerted effort to explore within the limits of accessibility counts as having been visited. For a geographical entity – such as a square, a city area, or a region – that is a simple criterion. For a historical or architectural monument, it gets more complicated: If interior access is possible, the site cannot be counted unless I stepped inside (as well as did not bypass the singular primary subject for which the monument is recognized, if such is clearly identified); conversely, if interior access is prohibited or allowed on rare basis, the site can be counted if I expressly stopped by to take photographs of its exterior.

The serial sites are counted if at least one part of it can be counted according to the loose definition above.

In reverse chronological order of the dates of the first visit:

  1. Brú na Bóinne – Archaeological Ensemble of the Bend of the Boyne (1993) – visited in 2017. [Feature]
  2. Giant’s Causeway and Causeway Coast (1986) – visited in 2017. [Feature] [Flickr]
  3. City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg (1999) – visited in 2016. [Feature] [Flickr]
  4. Semmering Railway (1998) – visited in 2016. [Feature]
  5. Palace and Gardens of Schönbrunn (1996) – visited in 2016. [Feature]
  6. University and Historic Precinct of Alcalá de Henares (1997) – visited in 2016. [Feature] [Flickr]
  7. Historic Fortified City of Carcassonne (1997) – visited in 2016. [Feature] [Flickr]
  8. Madriu-Perafita-Claror Valley (2004) – visited in 2016. [Feature]
  9. Poblet Monastery (1991) – visited in 2016. [Feature]
  10. Archaeological Ensemble of Tárraco (2000) – visited in 2016. [Feature] [Flickr]
  11. Statue of Liberty (1984) – visited in 2015, after nearly 25 years of seeing it regularly from a distance. [Feature]
  12. Skogskyrkogården (1994) – visited in 2015. [Feature] [Flickr]
  13. Royal Domain of Drottningholm (1991) – visited in 2015. [Feature] [Flickr]
  14. West Norwegian Fjords – Geirangerfjord and Nærøyfjord (2005) – visited Nærøyfjord in 2015. [Feature] [Flickr]
  15. Bryggen (1979) – visited in 2015. [Feature] [Flickr]
  16. Kronborg Castle (2000) – visited in 2015. [Feature] [Flickr]
  17. Roskilde Cathedral (1995) – visited in 2015. [Feature] [Flickr]
  18. Historic District of Old Québec (1985) – visited in 2015. [Feature] [Flickr]
  19. Van Nellefabriek (2014) – stopped by to photograph the exterior in 2015. [Feature]
  20. Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout (1997) – visited in 2015. [Feature] [Flickr]
  21. Rietveld Schröderhuis (Rietveld Schröder House) (2000) – visited in 2015. [Feature]
  22. Schokland and Surroundings (1995) – visited in 2015. [Feature]
  23. Ir.D.F. Woudagemaal (D.F. Wouda Steam Pumping Station) (1998) – visited in 2015. [Feature]
  24. Wadden Sea (2009) – visited in 2015. [Feature] [Flickr]
  25. Droogmakerij de Beemster (Beemster Polder) (1999) – visited in 2015. [Feature] [Flickr]
  26. Stoclet House (2009) – stopped by to photograph the exterior in 2015. [Feature]
  27. Defence Line of Amsterdam (1996) – stopped by to photograph the exterior of a handful out of 45 properties in 2015. [Feature]
  28. Old and New Towns of Edinburgh (1995) – visited in 2015, focusing on the Old Town. [Feature] [Flickr]
  29. New Lanark (2001) – visited in 2015. [Feature] [Flickr]
  30. Frontiers of the Roman Empire (1987) – visited one location on the Antonine Wall in 2015. [Feature] [Flickr]
  31. City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto (1994) – visited in 2014. [Feature] [Flickr]
  32. Botanical Garden (Orto Botanico), Padua (1997) – visited in 2014. [Feature] [Flickr]
  33. Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta (1995) – visited the city in 2014. [Feature] [Flickr]
  34. San Marino Historic Centre and Mount Titano (2008) – visited in 2014. [Feature] [Flickr]
  35. Assisi, the Basilica of San Francesco and Other Franciscan Sites (2000) – visited in 2014. [Feature] [Flickr]
  36. Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna (1996) – visited in 2014. [Feature] [Flickr]
  37. Historic Centre of Urbino (1998) – visited in 2014. [Feature] [Flickr]
  38. Cathedral, Torre Civica and Piazza Grande, Modena (1997) – visited in 2014. [Feature] [Flickr]
  39. Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto) (1997) – visited in 2014 (excluding islands). [Feature] [Flickr]
  40. Mantua and Sabbioneta (2008) – visited in 2014. [Feature] [Flickr]
  41. City of Verona (2000) – visited in 2014. [Feature] [Flickr]
  42. Kiev: Saint-Sophia Cathedral and Related Monastic Buildings, Kiev-Pechersk Lavra (1990) – visited in 2014. [Feature] [Flickr]
  43. Val d’Orcia (2004) – visited in 2013. [Feature] [Flickr]
  44. Historic Centre of the City of Pienza (1996) – visited in 2013. [Feature] [Flickr]
  45. Pre-Hispanic City of Chichen-Itza (1988) – visited in 2012. [Feature]
  46. Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona (1997) – visited the Palace of Music in 2011 and 2016, and photographed the Hospital’s exterior in 2016. [Feature] [Flickr]
  47. Old Town of Segovia and its Aqueduct (1985) – visited in 2011. [Feature]
  48. Old City of Berne (1983) – visited in 2010. [Feature]
  49. Budapest, including the Banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle Quarter and Andrássy Avenue (1987) – visited in 2009. [Feature]
  50. Wieliczka and Bochnia Royal Salt Mines (1978) – visited Wieliczka in 2009. [Feature]
  51. Historic Centre of Kraków (1978) – visited in 2009. [Feature]
  52. Strasbourg – Grande île (1988) – visited in 2008. [Quasi-feature]
  53. Medici Villas and Gardens in Tuscany (2013) – visited Boboli Gardens in Florence in 2008. [Feature]
  54. Castles and Town Walls of King Edward in Gwynedd (1986) – visited Caernarfon Castle and walked around Conwy Castle in 2008. [Feature]
  55. Canterbury Cathedral, St Augustine’s Abbey, and St Martin’s Church (1988) – visited the cathedral in 2008. [Feature]
  56. Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Former Abbey of Saint-Rémi and Palace of Tau, Reims (1991) – visited the cathedral and the palace in 2008. [Feature]
  57. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (2003) – visited in 2007. [Feature]
  58. Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites (1986) – visited Stonehenge in 2007. [Feature]
  59. City of Bath (1987) – visited in 2007. [Feature]
  60. Belfries of Belgium and France (1999) – climbed one in Brugge in 2007 and one in Gent in 2008, and also saw two in Antwerp up close in 2008. [Feature]
  61. Historic Centre of Brugge (2000) – visited in 2007 and briefly in 2009. [Feature]
  62. Seventeenth-century canal ring area of Amsterdam inside the Singelgracht (2010) – visited in 2007 and 2015. [Feature] [Flickr]
  63. Major Town Houses of the Architect Victor Horta (Brussels) (2000) – visited two Horta houses in 2007, of which one is not among the four inscribed by UNESCO. Stopped by three of the four inscribed properties in 2015 to take exterior pictures. [Feature]
  64. La Grand-Place, Brussels (1998) – visited in 2007 and briefly in 2015. [Feature]
  65. Historic Centre of Vienna (2001) – visited in 2005 and 2016. [Feature]
  66. Dresden Elbe Valley (2004, delisted in 2009) – visited in 2005, while it was on the list, which qualifies it for the count. [Feature]
  67. Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin (1990) – visited in 2005. [Feature]
  68. Cologne Cathedral (1996) – visited in 2005 and 2007. [Feature]
  69. Upper Middle Rhine Valley (2002) – visited in 2005. [Feature]
  70. Historic Centre of Prague (1992) – visited in 2004 and 2010. [Feature]
  71. Works of Antoni Gaudí (1984) – visited four of the inscribed properties several times since 2004. [Feature] [Flickr]
  72. Cathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias in Seville (1987) – visited Cathedral and Alcázar in 2004. [Feature]
  73. Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzín, Granada (1984) – visited in 2004 and 2008. [Feature]
  74. Historic Centre of Cordoba (1984) – visited in 2004 and 2008. [Feature]
  75. Monastery and Site of the Escurial, Madrid (1984) – visited in 2004. [Feature]
  76. Historic City of Toledo (1986) – visited several times since 2004. [Feature] [Flickr]
  77. Independence Hall (1979) – visited in 2004 and 2016.  [Feature]
  78. Venice and its Lagoon (1987) – visited in 2003, 2009, and briefly in 2014. [Feature] [Flickr]
  79. Historic Centre of Siena (1995) – visited several times since 2003. [Feature] [Flickr]
  80. Historic Centre of San Gimignano (1990) – visited several times since 2003. [Feature] [Flickr]
  81. Piazza del Duomo, Pisa (1987) – visited several times since 2003. [Feature]
  82. Historic Centre of Florence (1982) – visited several times since 2003. [Feature] [Flickr]
  83. Costiera Amalfitana (1997) – visited in 2003. [Feature]
  84. Archaeological Areas of Pompei, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata (1997) – visited Pompei in 2003. [Feature]
  85. Villa d’Este, Tivoli (2001) – visited in 2003. [Feature]
  86. Vatican City (1984) – visited several times since 2003. [Feature]
  87. Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura (1980) – visited several times since 2003. [Feature]
  88. Historic Centre of Avignon: Papal Palace, Episcopal Ensemble and Avignon Bridge (1995) – visited in 2002. [Feature]
  89. Arles, Roman and Romanesque Monuments (1981) – visited in 2002. [Feature]
  90. Pont du Gard (Roman Aqueduct) (1985) – visited in 2002. [Feature]
  91. The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes (2000) – visited in 2002 and 2007. [Feature]
  92. Chartres Cathedral (1979) – visited in 2002. [Feature]
  93. Palace and Park of Versailles (1979) – visited in 2002 and 2008. [Feature]
  94. Paris, Banks of the Seine (1991) – visited many times between 2002 and 2008. [Feature]
  95. Maritime Greenwich (1997) – visited in 2000, and then many times between 2006 and 2009, having lived in the area. [Feature]
  96. Tower of London (1988) – visited a few times since 2000. [Feature]
  97. Westminster Palace, Westminster Abbey and Saint Margaret’s Church (1987) – visited the Abbey several times since 2000. [Feature]
  98. La Fortaleza and San Juan National Historic Site in Puerto Rico (1983) – visited in 1995. [Feature]
  99. Architectural Ensemble of the Trinity Sergius Lavra in Sergiev Posad (1993) – visited in 1991.
  100. Ensemble of the Novodevichy Convent (2004) – visited in 1989, long before it was added to the list.
  101. Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments (1990) – visited in 1988 and 1990.
  102. L’viv – the Ensemble of the Historic Centre (1998) – visited once or twice in early ’80s, long before it was added to the list.
  103. Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow (1990) – visited a few times between early ’80s and 1991. [Feature]

Also, for the record, the few sites that I cannot count, either having passed by or passed through them without stopping:

  • Flemish Béguinages (1998). There is one in Gent and one in Brugge that I walked by on trips there. The latter’s exterior even features in my photo and video archives. But having not stepped inside, I cannot count the site as visited.
  • Colonial City of Santo Domingo (1990). I traveled through Santo Domingo airport on at least a couple of occasions when vacationing at Dominican Republic’s resorts.  One of those resort stays was actually in the Santo Domingo locale itself, but the all-inclusive nature of the stay meant that I never set foot outside of the resort boundaries.
  • Nord-Pas de Calais Mining Basin (2012). The Chunnel train terminal is in Calais, so on multiple occasions we drove on motorways through the surrounding area. It would be an incredible stretch to count this as an explored site.
  • Museumsinsel (Museum Island), Berlin (1999). On our only trip to Berlin, we strolled through Museuminsel once. This is a borderline case, where I could have counted the area as visited – there is even a picture of Natasha on a bridge next to one of the museums in our archives – but the “visit” was so fleeting and lacking the purpose that I err on the side of putting it into this “been near” bucket instead. Not that hard to rectify on my next trip to Berlin, whenever that happens.
  • Church and Dominican Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie with “The Last Supper” by Leonardo da Vinci (1980). The church made an appearance in this post. This is one case where I actually stepped inside the recognized monument but did not have the opportunity to see the key point of its recognition, the Leonardo’s masterpiece. Without that, it would be somewhat disingenuous to count the site as visited.
  • Western Caucasus (1999). In my childhood, in 70’s and 80’s, I vacationed in the Greater Sochi area no less than half a dozen times. The coastline settlements are excluded from the World Heritage designation, so my best claim to having visited this site consists of probably having passed through some of its components on the train rides there and back.
  • Citadel, Ancient City and Fortress Buildings of Derbent (2003). A number of members of my immediate family likely visited the site in 1990, on a family vacation that took us to various places across Dagestan. My college obligations kept me back home for a few days, and I joined the itinerary at the conclusion of its first leg, in Derbent, having missed all of the sightseeing in the city.
  • Blenheim Palace (1987). The closest I’ve been to Blenheim is driving past the turnoff on A44. On a 4-day trip to Oxfordshire and Cotswolds in 2007, the palace was a tentative stop in the itinerary. Having judged the time needed for a proper visit longer than we could set aside, we instead focused on smaller attractions.
  • Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France (1998). I realized only very recently that this serial property includes Tour St-Jacques in central Paris, an edifice that we walked by at least half a dozen times on our visits to the French capital. It even features in the background of a couple of photos in my archives. Since we never made an effort to actually visit it, the site cannot be counted.